Mitchell moved to New York City in 1967, and took up residence in the
arty Chelsea district. She met Elliot Roberts in the fall and he began
to manage her career, helping to open up the circuit for her in New York
performing at a club in Florida, Joni met ex-Byrds member David Crosby,
who was quite taken with her. David was a great help in convincing the
record company to agree to let Joni record a solo acoustic album without
all the folk-rock overdubs that were in vogue at the time.
Joni with David Crosby & Eric Clapton.
Photo by Henry Diltz
clout earned him a producer's credit in March 1968, when Reprise records
released her debut album. She continued her steady touring to promote
the LP, and that stimulus, in addition to the performers who were covering
her songs and exposing her to bigger and bigger audiences as a major "songwriter,"
was causing a major buzz. At Elliot's suggestion, she moved to southern
California late in 1967, and moved in with David, who became an enthusiastic
promoter of Joni's and had her play at the homes of his Hollywood friends,
where she got noticed by press and radio people, who in turn wrote and
spoke of her talent.
played the Troubadour in L.A., getting raves from the crowds and critics;
she was also a big hit in London at the Royal Festival Hall in September,
and at the Miami Pop Festival on the last weekend of 1968. Accompaning
her at the fest was Hollies singer-songwriter Graham Nash, whom Joni had
met through their mutual friend, David Crosby.
in December of '68, Judy Collins version of "Both Sides Now"
peaked in the national music charts top ten, and brought Joni "lots
of those little royalty pennies." This songwriting success helped
create an eager anticipation for Joni's second LP, "Clouds",
which was released in April '69. It contained Joni's own versions of songs
already recorded and being performed by other artists; "Chelsea Morning,""Both
Sides Now", and "Tin Angel."
concert at Carnegie Hall in February, and a later show in Berkeley, CA
were recorded for a live album, but the project was shelved in favor of
a third LP of original studio performances.
made an appearance that summer on The Johnny Cash Show. The series was
a U.S. summer replacement series that rated very highly on ABC-TV. Joni
appeared 2 more times on Johnny's show, once more later in the first season,
and once in 1971.
toured as the opening act for her friends Crosby, Stills, & Nash,
and while at the Atlantic City Pop Festival in August, she left the stage
angrily due to the inattentiveness of the large crowd. She said she'd
enjoyed the intimacy of the clubs and was now finding it difficult to
concentrate and perform in front of huge crowds.
was scheduled to perform at Woodstock on Sunday of that weekend of love,
but when the traffic jams were seen by all of America on TV that Friday,
her manager advised her not to go. He was concerned that she might have
trouble getting back to the city in time for a major TV appearance on
the Dick Cavett Show that Monday. Still, she did create the definitive
chronicle of the festival with her song "Woodstock," which was
a hit for C, S, & N the next year.
did an equinox festival at Big Sur in September, and this was filmed and
released as "Celebration At Big Sur" (Joni's first film appearance).
She was also set to do her "Songs To Aging Children Come" in
the film version of Arlo Guthrie's song epic, "Alice's Restaurant",
but when the movie producers demanded a half share of the song's publishing
rights just for the privilege of appearing in their major Hollywood feature
film, she refused. The song was sung in the film anyway by a look-a-like
hippie girl with long blonde hair and a ringing soprano.
released Joni's third album, "Ladies Of The Canyon" soon after.
It was an instant smash on FM radio, and sold briskly thru the summer
and fall, eventually becoming Joni's first gold album (500,000 copies).
and listeners began to note the confessional qualities in Joni's songs,
and conjecture "who's that about?."
made a decision to stop touring for a year and just live and write and
paint, but after a few months she was persuaded to perform at the last
minute at the Isle of Wight Festival. Held in August, this festival became
a financial and logistical disaster, and the audience there had strong
anti-performer feelings. When a stoned-out guy that Joni knew from her
months in Crete jumped on stage and took over her mic ranting about how
"Desolation Row is this festival...", he had to be dragged off
stage. The crowd saw him as one of their own and booed his eviction until
Joni chastised them tearfully about acting like tourists and not giving
the performers the respect they deserved.
struggled with a way to remain creative while dealing with the pressures
of a career with a required touring schedule. The songs she wrote during
the months she took off for travel & life experience would appear
on her next album, "BLUE."
* A more extensive biography at official site.